Indian Democracy: A plutocracy?

July 07, 2017
The most popular definition of democracy was given by the U.S President Abraham Lincoln(1809-1865)
"Government of the people, by the people, for the people"
In the modern days, this idea is becoming more and more fictitious in our country. We're a country that's crippled by corruption, plagued by illiteracy, ravaged by poverty and unemployment, torn apart by numerous number of political scandals. However, there is a greater problem to the big picture. We call ourselves to being the largest democracy in the world, but after taking a closer look at the Indian democratic system we realize that we have an imperialistic rule. This kind of politics is one among the many woes that bleed the country dry. There is also power play and money play which leaves us wondering if our country's democracy is a plutocracy after all. The situation prevailing only makes the rich richer and the poor poorer.


It is true, that all the adult citizens is entitled to Universal adult Franchise which includes having the right to vote and to contest in elections, but  is this what democracy is all about? Political democracy makes sense only when there is economic equality i.e., when citizens can find contesting in elections affordable to an extent. Here only those who have money power and muscle power can make it to contest and win the elections. There is a limit of Rs.20 lakh to Rs.28 Lakh per candidate per constituency in the parliamentary election under Representation of People's Act. This amount is far beyond the reach of many citizens to spend on elections, the money spent with hope to enter into the Parliament or the Legislative assembly is light years ahead of it. But this limit prescribed also has a loophole where in the candidate's agents or supporters expenditure is not added to the election cost. These candidates are then sponsored by business tycoon and corporate giants. In turn, the candidates after winning have to devise policies in favour of such corporate companies. 

     Nobody, with the intent to do good to the country will ever indulge in such atrocious acts.
This kind of investment mechanism is used by our political leaders to increase their money and power. The proportion of policies devised and implemented targeting the lower strata of the society is minimal in comparison to those devised in favour of the business tycoons. Even when the policies are implemented for the welfare of the lower class, its is often crippled with red-tapism and corruption which makes it impossible for the success of the policy. In the end, the majority of our population who belong to the middle and lower class suffer due to the stunts of the Government for example the recent reforms such as demonitisation and GST which looks so good on paper but not for the common man who had to endure the real repercussion of these policies.

     The idea of democracy in India is therefore Utopian and completely plutocratic. This defeats the definition of democracy being "for the people". Since our country now has more than half the population as youngsters, It now rests upon us to bring in democracy in its truest form.


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